The project « Armed conflict: determining factors, classifications and standards, strategic choices and economic impacts »
Origin of the project
Known as ConflictArm, this research project has been developed in response to a call for “interdisciplinary HSS projects” from the Human and Social Sciences Department. Financed for three years but intended to be maintained over the long term, it is led by three research professors from three distinct social science disciplines:
- Jean Belin, holder of the Defense Economy Chair at the IHEDN (Institute for Higher National Defense Studies) and Associate Professor at the University of Bordeaux (GRETHA UMR CNRS 5113 – Research Group in Theoretical and Applied Economics, National Center for Scientific Research Mixed Research Unit n° 5113)
- Sébastien-Yves Laurent, Professor of Political Science at the University of Bordeaux and researcher at the IRM-CMRP (Montesquieu Research Institute - Center for Political Research)
- Anne-Marie Tournepiche, Professor of Law at the University of Bordeaux and researcher at the CRDEI (Center for Research and Documentation in European and International Law)
The large project team has members from a wide variety of backgrounds, equally distributed among the three partners: eight from the GRETHA, nine from the IRM-CMRP and ten from the CRDEI.
The theme of armed conflict
The question of conflict has always been at the heart of relationships between states and is, logically, the subject of many studies in a variety of disciplines. Since the end of the Cold War the subject, which is both classical and very modern, has returned to the forefront of the news, particularly in its sub-state form. This has led to the need to rethink its boundaries, but above all the manner in which it is understood.
An increase in the number of different stakeholders involved, a wider role for non-state-operated armed groups, the fight against terrorism, the development of new technologies (autonomous weapons, cyberconflicts, etc.), environmental issues and impacts, etc., offer a whole range of new issues for which analysis by a single discipline is clearly insufficient.
The strength of the project: interdisciplinarity
Rooted in a particularly complex strategic international context that is undergoing profound change, armed conflict requires specific, multidisciplinary attention.
This is the basis of the project’s scientific interest: interfacing the different approaches to best reflect the complexity of the issue being studied. The association of three disciplines – economics, political science and law – should reveal common determining factors of conflict and lead to the proposal of preventative measures adapted to different categories of conflict. Moreover, this approach – innovative or at least marginal in France – should also help to highlight the role of the different stakeholders involved (states, armed groups…) as well as current questions relating to the issue (particularly the prevention of, and fight against, terrorism).